Reviewed by Riko Arfiyantama

This article is meant to describe the use of languages or Multilingualism in Central Java society. It is interesting to know how people choose a language i.e. Bahasa Indonesia, Javanese, or even English as a means of communication since they can use the languages interchangeably. This article will be carried out by taking from language domain, language shift and maintenance, and language revitalization and death point of view. Therefore, there will be mapping in the language setting, interaction, and participants examples provided. Then, the change or the transformation of the language use among the society and its factor. At last, it describes what language needs to be revitalized in order not to be extinct.


Goh and Silver (2004) explain, “Individuals in multilingual societies have to choose languages or varieties according to the different situations. Sometime the choice might concern of the use of a different style or register”. It is likely to happen in Indonesia where many languages are used for example in Central Java where Bahasa Indonesia, Javanese language, and English are used in that place. Bahasa Indonesia is used frequently when people communicate in the formal situation such as in the meeting, school, commerce, and media. While English is used at school, commerce, and technology. Moreover, Javanese is used broadly by society in the informal situation such as at home, and colloquial conversation. The use of the three languages may become an interesting topic to examine by looking at Goh and Silver point of view. Since the use of three languages in Central Java society is unique and need to be investigated further. In this essay, it will be discussed the use of the three language from three points of view. They are the (1) language domain, (2) language shift and maintenance, and (3) lan Continue reading


Aspect of Language

How people acquire a language can vary from one to others. This fact is proven because people usually use different steps, techniques, methods, or even approachesin order to learn and use a language. The book of Language Acquisition and Development written by Chirstine C. M. Gohand Rita Elaine Silver discuss this topic from the basic overview. To make someone able to speak or write is not an easy way. There are some steps or even many steps to do. In English, the same with other second or foreign language, there are four skills which should be learned in order to acquire English entirely. They are listening, speaking, reading, and writing. In order to speak and write, someone needs to listen and read much. Like a baby, they start by listening more before speaking. After that it can learn to read after that they can write. Those cycles are bound. They cannot be separated each other. Continue reading